Decision support systems
Shared decisionmaking is a collaborative process that allows patients and clinicians to make health care treatment decisions together. These tools, for health care providers, provide information on this process and on the use of patient decision aids. They describe how to evaluate evidence and work together with patients to make informed care choices. Sample language and questions are provided to assist providers in implementing shared decisionmaking.
The available resources...
The Shared Decision Making (SDM) Project works with sites to demonstrate and evaluate the use of shared decisionmaking and patient decision aids. The project aims to explore the opportunities and challenges perceived and experienced by providers, patients, purchasers, and payers around the implementation of shared decisionmaking protocols in fee-for-service settings.
The tools and products developed under the SDM Project include the following:
- SDM implementation...
This software program assists physicians in identifying the optimal medication dosage for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Used in conjunction with a clinical plan, physicians can modify medications to suit the child’s needs. The tool can also aid in conversations with family members regarding treatment.
The Focus software is written in Visual Basic to run in Microsoft Access. The software is designed to:
- Perform calculations needed...
This online assessment tool can help consumers learn the state of their heart and what they can do to live a better life. The tool uses information such as blood pressure, smoking status, diet, and physical activity to determine the user’s current heart score. It also provides a customized action plan to help users improve their score and reach their ideal cardiovascular health.
This risk assessment tool, for people age 20 or older, provides information to assess a person’s risk for heart disease, heart attack, or other future heart problems. The tool uses information such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar levels to help determine a level of risk for heart problems. Upon completing the questionnaire, users can print various reports to help them make a plan with their doctor to reduce their risk.
This tool is also available in Spanish...
The interactive Asthma Action Plan (iAAP) is a computerized clinical decision support tool for health care providers who treat asthma patients. It helps patients and physicians manage and prevent asthma symptoms, while providing information to the patient’s health care team. The iAAP program creates patient-specific treatment plans, which are available in English and Spanish.
The iAAP is available via a Web-based kiosk or can be downloaded to run either on a desktop or for...
This toolkit, designed for small- and medium-sized health care practices and organizations, provides a workflow analysis for the planning, design, implementation, and use of health information technology (health IT). The analyses and redesign incorporates what is currently being used, what will be used during transition and the end result of implementing health IT to improve workflow.
Tools available in the kit include:
- Flowchart ...
This report provides information and tools to help small and medium-sized outpatient practices assess their workflows to successfully implement health information technology (health IT). These practices are likely to need the most help in analyzing their workflows, as they typically do not have access to IT support and quality improvement resources.
The report explains the importance of analyzing workflow when implementing and using health IT applications, and also:
The Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) developed the State Health Information Technology (HIT) Dashboard to provide health care professionals and policymakers with easy access to information and resources on major HIT initiatives throughout the country.
The Dashboard includes:
- A repository of State-specific HIT resources
- Data on regional extension centers and health information exchanges
- Tools to track HIT-related State...
These decision aids for patients provide facts, options, and evidence to help them talk with their doctor when making a treatment decision. These tools are meant to serve as a complement to counseling from a health practitioner rather than as a replacement for it.
The Web site includes a searchable A to Z inventory of decision aids on particular health topics, as well as a general decision guide that can be used for any health or social decision. It also includes guides for...