Mammograms and Other Breast Imaging Procedures


Mammograms and Other Breast Imaging Procedures


This tool provides information about mammograms and other breast imaging procedures.

This tool addresses the following topics:

  • Screening mammograms
  • American Cancer Society recommendations for early breast cancer detection
  • Diagnostic mammograms
  • Tips for having a mammogram
  • What to expect when you get a mammogram
  • Help with mammogram costs
  • Regulation of mammography
  • What does the doctor look for on your mammogram?
  • Mammogram reports (BIRADS - Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System)
    • Category 0: Additional imaging evaluation and/or comparison to prior mammograms is needed
    • Category 1: Negative
    • Category 2: Benign (non-cancerous) finding
    • Category 3: Probably benign finding
    • Category 4: Suspicious abnormality
    • Category 5: Highly suggestive of malignancy
    • Category 6: Known biopsy-proven malignancy
  • Imaging-guided breast biopsy
    • Surgical biopsy
    • Needle biopsy
    • Mammograms in special circumstances
    • Mammograms in young women
    • Mammograms after breast-conserving treatment
    • Mammograms after mastectomy (with and without breast reconstruction)
    • Mammograms after breast enlargement with implants
  • Attempts to improve mammography
    • Digital mammograms
    • Computer-aided detection and diagnosis
  • Other breast imaging tests
    • Breast ultrasound
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Ductogram (galactogram)
  • Newer and experimental breast imaging methods
    • Nuclear medicine studies
    • Electrical impedance imaging (T-Scan)
    • Thermography (thermal imaging)
  • Other experimental imaging tests
    • Optical imaging
    • Optoacoustic tomography
    • Microwave imaging


American Cancer Society

Funding Sources:

American Cancer Society


Release Date: 2003
Review Date: 2006
Recent Summary: February 2006
Original Summary: October 2004
Last Updated: 05/12/08

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