Patient Population

Innovations

Periodic Home Visits, Specialist Visits, and Followup Enhances Access and Improves Outcomes for Low-Income Children With Asthma 01/15/08

A pediatric asthma management program led to a significant decline in the percentage of patients with moderate to severe asthma, improved quality of life, and sizable decreases in hospitalizations and costs.

Mental Health Court Links Eligible Offenders With Treatment and Monitoring, Reducing Recidivism, and Improving Outcomes 01/15/08

The Brooklyn Mental Health Court links eligible defendants to long-term treatment and monitoring of their mental health problems as an alternative to incarceration. Early evidence suggests that the program has been successful in reducing recidivism, homelessness, psychiatric hospitalizations, alcohol use, and substance abuse.

Data-Driven Community Education and Defibrillator Placement Increase Bystander-Administered CPR and Cardiac Arrest Survival Rates in Atlanta 01/14/08

The American Heart Association spearheaded a public education campaign (called “Restart Atlanta's Hearts”) to teach Atlanta area residents to identify individuals who are experiencing cardiac arrest and to act quickly to save them.

Better Integration of Home Health Aides Into the Health Care Team Improves Patient Functionality 01/11/08

A team-building program at the largest home care agency in the country integrated home health aides into the health care team and resulted in enhanced functional status for patients, including being better able to move independently from a bed to a wheelchair or chair and better able to walk without support.

Remote Viewing of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Babies by Mother Promotes Bonding, Potentially Improves Infants' Long-Term Outcomes 01/11/08

Remote viewing of neonatal intensive care unit infants reduces maternal anxiety and promotes mother–infant bonding.

Routine Cultures, Real-Time Alerts, and Immediate Precautions Reduce Intensive Care Unit MRSA Infections 01/10/08

Nurses at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Presbyterian Hospital routinely monitor all patients admitted to intensive care units for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization from admission to discharge.

Multipronged Active Surveillance System Eliminates Common Infection for Patients in Transplant Intensive Care Unit 01/10/08

A multipronged active surveillance program for vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) significantly reduced VRE transmission rates in a 12-bed transplant intensive care unit.

Electronic Health Record–Facilitated Care Process Redesign Enhances Access to Care, Reduces Hospitalizations and Costs for Patients With Chronic Illnesses 01/08/08

The Marshfield Clinic is using electronic tools to facilitate care process redesign for patients with chronic illnesses, leading to enhanced quality and access to care, fewer hospitalizations and adverse events, and lower costs.

Comprehensive Palliative Care Program Improves End-of-Life Care and Pain Control for Terminally Ill Patients 01/08/08

Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian established a comprehensive end-of-life program that includes pain control and emotional support for patients unlikely to survive the next few days; a multidisciplinary palliative care that assists physicians who are treating dying patients; compassionate care for parents who lose children before or after birth; and support for hospital staff who work with dying patients.

Paramedics' Adoption of Established Tool to Measure a Child's Weight Enhances Accuracy of Drug Dosing for Resuscitations 01/07/08

Emergency management services workers who use an established tool to measure a child's weight administer more accurate doses of emergency medications to pediatric patients.

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