Substance use disorders
The Missouri Medicaid Health Home program provides capitated payments to primary care and mental health medical homes that adopt an integrated staffing model that allows patients to receive both medical and mental health care, leading to better health outcomes and lower utilization and costs.
An emergency medical services system uses a data-driven program to identify frequent 911 callers and facilitate access to community-based medical, social service, and other interventions to address their underlying needs, leading to significant reductions in emergency transports and associated costs.
Certified peer specialists provide emotional support, education, links to community services, and other support to individuals with co-occurring medical and mental health diagnoses at two Michigan federally qualified health centers, generating high levels of satisfaction and anecdotal reports of improvements in physical and mental health.
Emergency department and urgent care physicians and nurses use a protocol to help them decide how to treat patients complaining of pain who may be abusing controlled substances, leading to significantly fewer such patients receiving prescriptions for opioids.
A public–private urban health partnership develops multiple initiatives to expand access to high-quality, coordinated health care for vulnerable residents, leading to shorter wait times for appointments, improvements in patient–provider continuity, and reductions in readmissions and emergency department use.
A multiagency, cross-disciplinary mayoral task force develops and supports implementation of policies and programs to reduce prescription painkiller abuse and its associated problems in New York City—efforts that have prompted many public and private hospital emergency departments to adopt recommended prescribing guidelines, resulting in preliminary indications that fewer opioid painkiller prescriptions are being written and filled in some of the city's emergency departments.
Public health and community-based agencies throughout Massachusetts teach thousands of potential bystanders how to prevent, recognize, and respond to an opioid-related overdose (including administering a drug to reverse the effects), leading to a significant decline in deaths.
Intensive, concurrent medical and behavioral health care, addiction services, and social service coordination improve patient outcomes and reduce health system use among patients who historically have been frequent users of emergency departments.
Regulations from the New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services mandated that all substance abuse treatment facilities in the state become tobacco free and integrate smoking cessation education and therapy into the treatment of other addictions. The regulation resulted in increased access to cessation services and reduced smoking rates among patients and staff as well as some cost savings.
A supportive housing program for late-stage alcoholics who frequently use crisis services features policies that reduce traditional barriers and restrictions to obtaining housing, leading to reductions in alcohol abuse, alcohol-related symptoms, and costs.