An electronic system allows physicians at two health clinics to easily refer patients who use tobacco to a quitline and subsequently monitor their progress, leading to more clinician referrals to the quitline and enhanced access to cessation services for patients.
Community health workers embedded in clinical teams in medical offices and hospitals support low-income patients in setting and achieving health-related goals and accessing needed medical and community-based services, leading to better communication and access to postdischarge primary care, increased patient activation, fewer readmissions and depression-related symptoms, and positive feedback from patients.
The State of Maryland provides financial and technical support to five communities designated through a competitive bidding process as health enterprise zones, leading to an expansion of primary care capacity in these areas.
With support from State funding, a community mental health center provides integrated mental health, primary care, care coordination, and wellness services to Medicaid beneficiaries with severe and persistent mental illness, leading to better chronic disease outcomes.
With support from a statewide collaborative, primary care practices in Wisconsin proactively identify and address behavioral health issues in patients, leading to declines in binge drinking, marijuana use, and symptoms of depression, and to high levels of patient satisfaction.
A rural medical practice redesigned its care processes to allow multidisciplinary care teams to use a new electronic health record system that features real-time documentation and information sharing and various tools to facilitate the provision of appropriate care, leading to significant improvements in screening rates and high satisfaction for medically underserved patients in Alaska.
Regulations from the New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services mandated that all substance abuse treatment facilities in the state become tobacco free and integrate smoking cessation education and therapy into the treatment of other addictions. The regulation resulted in increased access to cessation services and reduced smoking rates among patients and staff as well as some cost savings.
Large health care systems in Detroit came together to develop an organizational structure and common goals and policies designed to strengthen the safety net for uninsured residents, leading to increased enrollment in public insurance, enhanced access to primary and specialty care, and lower uncompensated care costs.
Trained school nurses held four weekly, one-on-one sessions with high school students who smoke; the sessions did not have a larger impact on long-term smoking rates than did four shorter, information-focused sessions, but both types of counseling generated higher long-term quit rates than typical programs targeted at teen smokers.
A culturally tailored smoking cessation program significantly reduces tobacco use among members of an American Indian tribe.