Substance abuse

Innovations

Hospital Successfully Links Recently Released, HIV-Positive Prisoners to Medical, Mental Health, and Social Services, Reducing Recidivism 02/17/11

A hospital links HIV-positive prisoners to medical care and other social services before and after release to enable successful reentry into the community, leading to enhanced access to these services and less recidivism.

Mental Health Clinicians Integrate Cessation Treatment Into Regular Care of Smokers With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Increasing Likelihood of Quitting 01/06/11

Mental health practitioners provide smoking cessation counseling and treatment to patients with posttraumatic stress disorder as part of their regular mental health care, leading to higher quit rates and fewer relapses.

Low Overhead Clinic Extends Access to Affordable, Culturally Competent Conventional and Alternative Medicine for Uninsured and Underinsured 12/24/10

A low-overhead clinic enhances access to a broad array of culturally competent, low-cost conventional and alternative medicine services for underinsured, uninsured, and immigrant populations.

Proactive Office Encounter Systematically Identifies and Addresses Preventive and Chronic Care Needs at Every Primary Care and Specialty Visit 11/30/10

Nurses and medical assistants use electronic tools and standardized workflows and processes before, during, and after the patient encounter to identify and address preventive, screening, and chronic care needs at every primary and specialty care visit, leading to greater adherence to recommended care processes and better blood pressure control in those with diabetes and hypertension.

Public Health Dental Practitioners Offer Cessation Support to Low-Income Smokers, Leading to Increased Quit Rates 10/04/10

Trained dental practitioners in public health centers offered cessation assistance to low-income smokers as part of routine oral health visits in public health centers, leading to higher quit rates (especially among African-American smokers).

Community Partnership Uses Lay Health Advisers to Reduce Chronic Disease Risk Factors, Leading to Improvements in Lifestyle and Health in Low-Income African Americans 08/15/10

A primary care center, county health department, community organizations, and lay health advisers jointly developed and implemented various activities to reduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in a low-income, largely African-American population, leading to improvements in health-related behaviors and better health.

Quality Improvement Collaborative Helps Clinic Serving the Uninsured to Significantly Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening and Smoking Cessation Education 08/04/10

As part of a quality improvement collaborative, a nonprofit clinic serving uninsured patients created new processes to identify those in need of colorectal cancer screening and smoking cessation education, formed partnerships with community-based organizations and providers to offer additional support to such patients, and participated in ongoing performance monitoring, reporting, and improvement; the program significantly increased the percentage of eligible patients receiving the targeted services.

Care "Pathway" Connects Pregnant Substance Abusers to Medical and Other Services, Supporting Birth of Babies with Viable Weights Who Are Free of Illicit Substances 07/21/10

A care “pathway” helps pregnant substance abusers obtain health insurance, obstetrics care, substance abuse counseling, and other services, allowing the vast majority of these women to give birth to babies with viable birth weight who are free of illicit substances.

Community Addiction Recovery Center Helps Members Remain Drug/Alcohol Free and Find Housing and Employment 07/02/10

A peer-led, community-based recovery center offers a wide array of nonmedical support to help individuals recover from mental health and substance abuse disorders; the program has significantly increased participation in employment/schooling, enhanced the ability to secure permanent housing, and helped to keep the vast majority of those served socially connected, drug- and alcohol-free, and out of the criminal justice system.

Worksite Program Provides Strategies for Handling Stress, Reducing Problem Drinking and Psychological Symptoms 06/25/10

A 16-week workplace intervention teaches those struggling with substance abuse and related psychological issues to avoid negative substance use patterns while coping with work and family stress. The program has led to increased use of positive coping strategies, reduced use of avoidance coping and problem drinking, and fewer psychological symptoms, including depression, anxiety, and somatic complaints.

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