Substance abuse

Innovations

Culturally Appropriate, Interactive Decision Aid Yields High Quit Rates Among Underserved, Low-Literacy Latino and Hispanic Smokers 07/05/11

A culturally appropriate, interactive decision aid placed at health fairs and in safety net clinics generates high levels of engagement among underserved Hispanic and Latino smokers, leading to well above-average quit rates.

Hospital Partners With Residential Treatment Facility to Offer Alternative Setting to Intoxicated Patients, Reducing Emergency Department Length of Stay 06/30/11

A hospital partners with a residential alcohol treatment center to offer medically stable emergency department patients with acute alcohol intoxication an alternative treatment setting, leading to lower emergency department length of stay, cost savings of nearly $2,000,000, and anecdotal reports of improved patient outcomes.

Multispecialty Practice Uses Electronic Templates to Provide Customized Support at Every Visit, Contributing to Improved Patient Behaviors and Outcomes 06/03/11

Using electronic templates, nurses and physicians provide a personalized report to patients at virtually every visit, with the goal of improving health-related behaviors; the program has contributed to a leveling off in the prevalence of overweight/obesity, above-average quit rates among smokers, better blood glucose control, and fewer racial disparities in chronic care.

Community-Based Clinic Enhances Access to Medical Care and Reduces Emergency Department Visits for Chronically Ill Recently Released Prisoners 05/04/11

Community-based clinic enhances access to medical care and reduces emergency department visits for chronically ill individuals who have recently been released from prison.

With Support From Web-Based Tools, Pharmacists Help Individuals Adopt Healthier Behaviors, Reduce Cardiovascular Risk 04/20/11

With support from a Web-based program, pharmacists provide weekly feedback and host monthly group sessions to help individuals adopt healthier behaviors that reduce cardiovascular risk, leading to increased levels of physical activity, weight loss, and lower systolic blood pressure.

Periodic, Telephone-Based Assessment and Counseling Helps Stable Individuals With Alcohol or Cocaine Dependence Avoid Relapses 04/08/11

Experienced substance abuse counselors offer periodic, telephone-based assessment and counseling to individuals who have attained initial stability in alcohol and/or cocaine dependence, leading to comparable and in some cases better outcomes than traditional, more time-consuming face-to-face interventions.

Hospital-Wide Inpatient Screening for Alcohol Withdrawal and Algorithm-Driven Treatment Improve Care and Reduce Acute Delirium Episodes 03/30/11

An algorithm-driven program combines hospital-wide inpatient screening for alcohol withdrawal risk, monitoring of at-risk patients, and medical treatment of symptoms, leading to more patients being diagnosed, fewer acute episodes of delirium, and improved care for patients experiencing such episodes.

Specialists Train and Support Rural and Prison-Based Primary Care Clinicians, Enhancing Access to Hepatitis C Care 03/15/11

University-based specialists provide initial training and host weekly, case-based consultations with primary care clinicians, enhancing access to hepatitis C care for prisoners and rural patients throughout New Mexico.

Weekly Text Messaging Service Enhances Access to Local Clinics and Accurate Information on Sexual Health for Teens and Young Adults 03/06/11

Weekly text messaging service for teens and young adults enhances access to sexual health information and services and generates positive changes in behavior and knowledge.

Hospital-Based Program Educates and Arranges Community-Based Support for Young Victims of Violence, Leading to Fewer Repeat Episodes 02/21/11

A hospital-based program for young victims of penetrating trauma identifies those at risk of future violence, educates them about the need to change behaviors to reduce those risks, and connects them to community-based organizations that can help them in doing so, leading to fewer repeat episodes.

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