Disease or Clinical Category

Innovations

Church-Based Initiative Supports Volunteers in Providing Education and Screenings to 150,000+ Memphis Residents, Leading to Improved Health Status 02/20/08

A church-based program trains congregational members to be volunteer “health representatives” for their churches. These representatives provide health and disease prevention education and health screenings related to health priorities established by the church and its pastor, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and HIV/AIDS.

Comprehensive School-Based Program Enhances Access to Oral Health Education, Prevention, and Treatment Services for Low-Income Children 02/20/08

The Boston University/Chelsea Partnership Dental Program is a city-wide, school-based program designed to increase access to dental services for low-income children by providing oral health education, dental screening and referrals, fluoride varnish applications, dental sealants, examinations, x-rays, cleanings, and restorations.

Gonorrhea Community Action Project Improves Preventive Health Care For Adolescents in Harlem 02/20/08

The Gonorrhea Community Action Project was a national, multisite project to design and implement interventions to increase access to and the quality of health care services in communities with high rates of gonorrhea.

Remote Screening, Diagnosis, and Guidance Improves the Ability of Primary Care Practices to Detect and Arrange Treatment for Mental Health Problems 02/19/08

A mental health clinical assessment service provides remote (telephone-based) screening, diagnosis, and clinical guidance for patients seen in primary care practices who have or are suspected of having mental health or substance abuse problems.

Hair Stylists Who Serve as Lay Health Educators Encourage Clients To Adopt Behaviors That Reduce Health Risks 02/19/08

Healthy Hair Starts with a Healthy Body is a salon-based campaign to educate African-American adults in urban areas of Michigan about how to reduce the risks of chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and hypertension.

AIDS Care Project Makes Acupuncture Treatment Accessible to People Living With HIV/AIDS 02/19/08

The AIDS Care Project increases access to free and low-cost acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine, and shiatsu for underinsured Boston-area residents with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and other conditions.

Dental Health Aide Program Improves Access to Oral Health Care for Rural Alaska Native People 02/19/08

The Alaska Dental Health Aide Program enhances access to oral health care by training dental therapists to provide culturally appropriate education and routine dental services to high-risk residents of rural villages.

Interdisciplinary Team Identifies and Addresses Risk Factors for Falls Among Nursing Home Residents, Leading to Fewer Falls and Less Use of Restraints 02/18/08

Ethica Health and Retirement Communities developed a falls management program, the cornerstone of which is an interdisciplinary “falls team” at each nursing home that regularly assesses residents for risk of falling and develops intervention plans for those found at high risk.

Community Partnerships and Provider Training Increase Service Capacity and Access to Long-Term Treatment for Individuals With Heroin Addiction 02/13/08

Community partnerships and provider training increase service capacity and access to long-term treatment for individuals addicted to heroin.

Peer Coaching Combined With Nurse Outreach Improves Adherence to Medical Recommendations Among Elderly Cardiac Patients Who Live Alone Following Discharge 02/12/08

A nurse-guided, patient-centered approach combines ongoing peer support from a trained elder with home visits and followup phone calls from an advanced practice nurse for unpartnered, elderly patients who are discharged from the hospital after a heart attack or bypass surgery. The program is intended to encourage compliance with medication regimens and recommended lifestyle changes, with the goal of reducing hospital readmissions. A 247-patient randomized controlled trial found that the program improved adherence to medical recommendations and reduced hospitalizations due to cardiac-related complications but failed to reduce overall hospital readmissions.

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