Drug safety

Innovations

Primary Care Physician Communication With Patients at or Soon After Discharge Significantly Reduces Medication Discrepancies 03/17/14

After being briefed by hospitalists, primary care physicians meet or talk by phone with patients who have complex medication regimens at or soon after discharge, leading to a significant reduction in medication discrepancies.

Emergency Department and Urgent Care Clinicians Use Protocol To Reduce Opioid Prescriptions for Patients Suspected of Abusing Controlled Substances 11/13/13

Emergency department and urgent care physicians and nurses use a protocol to help them decide how to treat patients complaining of pain who may be abusing controlled substances, leading to significantly fewer such patients receiving prescriptions for opioids.

Statewide Health Information Exchange Generates High Levels of Participation and Many Reports of Improved Quality and Efficiency 02/26/13

The nation's first statewide health information exchange, the Delaware Health Information Network gives clinicians immediate access to patient-specific health data from other providers, leading to higher quality and more efficient care.

System Gives Authorized Users Access to Interstate Information on Controlled Substance Prescriptions, Assisting Them in Identifying Cases of Potential Misuse 02/08/13

A data exchange platform links individual State PMPs, helping authorized prescribers and pharmacists identify patients who appear to be crossing State lines to obtain drugs for potential personal misuse or illegal activity.

Nurse Case Managers Offer Low-Resource Transitional Care Services, Reducing Readmissions for At-Risk, Community-Dwelling Veterans in Remote Areas 01/25/13

Nurse case managers at a Veterans Affairs hospital provide inhospital and post-discharge, telephone-based support to at-risk, community-dwelling patients and their caregivers, leading to better care transitions, fewer readmissions, and substantial cost savings.

Hospital Pharmacist Staff Use Robotic Medication Transport System To Reduce Delivery Time and Costs, Enhance Nurse Efficiency and Satisfaction 12/20/12

Pharmacist staff use autonomous mobile robots to track and deliver certain medications to nursing units, resulting in faster and more reliable medication delivery, lower costs, fewer lost medications, and increased nurse efficiency.

State Health Department Support Spurs Development of Many Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs After Passage of Legislative Mandate 05/18/12

The California Department of Health provides education and support to hospitals throughout the state, allowing many to create programs to address appropriate use of antimicrobials in response to State legislation.

Electronic Alerts Related to Black Box Warnings Do Not Affect Overall Physician Prescribing Habits in Outpatient Clinics 03/28/11

Electronic alerts related to black box warnings did not affect overall physician prescribing habits in outpatient clinics; the alerts did influence prescribing related to warnings about the most serious potential drug–drug and drug–pregnancy interactions.

Electronic and Telephone Reminders Increase Medication Adherence in Adults With Uncomplicated Hypertension 02/22/11

A specially designed pill-bottle system supplied visual and auditory reminders to patients, along with telephone reminders after missed doses and progress reports to be shared with providers; the program significantly increased medication adherence in those with uncomplicated hypertension.

14-Hospital Telepharmacy Program Reduces Order Processing Time, Frees Up Pharmacists for Quality-Enhancing Initiatives, and Saves Money 01/06/11

A telepharmacy program enables offsite pharmacists to review and approve medication orders in 14 hospitals, leading to expanded hours of service, reduced order processing times, enhanced pharmacy services, higher nurse satisfaction, freed up pharmacist time, and more than $1 million in annual cost savings.

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