Intensive, concurrent medical and behavioral health care, addiction services, and social service coordination improve patient outcomes and reduce health system use among patients who historically have been frequent users of emergency departments.
Connecticut's 78 school-based health centers offer a broad array of confidential mental health services to elementary, middle, and high school students co-located with traditional primary and acute medical services. The school-based centers have enhanced access to mental health services and generated high levels of satisfaction for students (particularly African-American and Hispanic males), and have led to less missed class time.
A collaborative initiative features standardized care elements and fixed per-patient payments for treatment of depression in the primary care setting, leading to high rates of remission and response to treatment and high levels of provider satisfaction.
A New York State law requires hospitals and primary care providers to offer an HIV test to all patients between the ages of 13 and 64 years, streamlines the consent process, and requires providers to schedule patients with positive results for followup care; the law increased testing rates and helped link HIV-positive patients to care.
An HIV clinic proactively encourages men with HIV to be screened for anal cancer each year and makes it easy for them to do so, leading to enhanced access to screening and the identification and removal of precancerous lesions.
The Children's Healthcare Access Program offers financial incentives and support services to primary care medical homes serving children covered by Medicaid and their families; the program enhanced access to primary care, increased the percentage of children with asthma action plans, reduced emergency department visits and hospital admissions, increased well-child visits, and reduced costs.
With support from a statewide collaborative, primary care practices in Wisconsin proactively identify and address behavioral health issues in patients, leading to declines in binge drinking, marijuana use, and symptoms of depression, and to high levels of patient satisfaction.
A rural medical practice redesigned its care processes to allow multidisciplinary care teams to use a new electronic health record system that features real-time documentation and information sharing and various tools to facilitate the provision of appropriate care, leading to significant improvements in screening rates and high satisfaction for medically underserved patients in Alaska.
A behavioral health clinic maintains an onsite primary care clinic that provides culturally competent care to low-income Asian Americans with serious mental illness, enhancing access to such care and facilitating modest improvements in physical health.
As part of a comprehensive initiative, State legislation enables trained primary care medical providers to receive Medicaid reimbursement for preventive dental care provided during well-child visits, enhancing access to these services for low-income children younger than 6 years.