Assessment

Innovations

Mobile Clinic and In-Home Educator Generate Small, Short-Term Increases in Symptom-Free Days in Inner-City Preschool Children With Asthma But No Improvements in Other Key Outcomes 12/19/11

A mobile pediatric asthma clinic combined with home visits generated small, short-term increases in symptom-free days in preschool children, and no improvements in other key outcomes.

Scoring System Helps Choose Approaches and Devices for Safely Moving Patients, Leading to Fewer Staff Injuries and Lost Work Days 12/15/11

A scoring system assists hospital staff in selecting approaches and, if needed, assistive devices for lifting, moving, and/or repositioning patients, leading to significant reductions in staff injuries and the near elimination of lost and restricted work days caused by these injuries.

Community Pediatricians Use Software to Diagnose and Manage Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Leading to Improvements in Symptoms 11/26/11

Pediatricians in community practice use computer software and a manual to diagnose and manage attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, leading to significant improvements in symptoms.

Culturally Tailored Lifestyle Counseling Tied To Readiness for Change Helps Underserved African-American Women Reduce Dietary Fat Intake 11/17/11

Low-income African-American women at risk for cardiovascular disease received culturally appropriate motivational counseling and support tied to their readiness for change, leading to reductions in dietary fat intake.

Hospital-Based Social Workers Follow Up With Recently Discharged Older Adults to Resolve Transition Problems, Reducing Readmissions and Deaths 11/11/11

Hospital-based social workers support recently discharged older patients and their caregivers in resolving problems related to their transition back home, leading to enhanced patient and caregiver knowledge, better attendance at followup appointments, and fewer readmissions and deaths.

Trained Paramedics Provide Ongoing Support to Frequent 911 Callers, Reducing Use of Ambulance and Emergency Department Services 11/10/11

An emergency medical system provider uses advance practice paramedics to provide in-home and telephone-based support to patients who frequently call 911, reducing the use of ambulance and emergency department services.

Public Health Nurses Provide Case Management to Low-Income Women With Chronic Conditions, Leading to Improved Mental Health and Functional Status 10/16/11

Public health nurses provide case management services to women with one or more chronic conditions who receive Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, leading to enhanced access to mental health services, fewer depressive symptoms, and improved functional status.

Social Worker-Led, Culturally Tailored Therapy and Support Improve Treatment Adherence, Depression-Related Symptoms, and Patient Satisfaction in Low-Income Hispanics With Diabetes 09/26/11

Two safety net clinics offered low-income Hispanic patients with both diabetes and depression culturally appropriate care (including medication and/or psychotherapy) and ongoing support led by trained, bilingual social workers, leading to improvements in medication adherence, depression-related symptoms, and patient satisfaction.

Interdisciplinary Teams Perform Daily Reviews of Real-Time Information to Identify and Address Risk Factors in Older Inpatients 09/05/11

Hospital-based interdisciplinary teams conduct daily reviews of real-time information on all inpatients ages 65 and older to identify and address risk factors that can lead to negative outcomes; the program reduced use of urinary catheters and increased use of physical therapy and social work evaluations.

Comprehensive Wellness Program Improves Employees' Health-Related Behaviors and Risk Factors, Stems Rise in Employer Health Care Costs 08/23/11

A large employer offers a comprehensive wellness program combined with financial incentives to use its various components, leading to broad participation, improvements in health-related behaviors and risk factors, and a leveling off of overall health care costs.

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