An emergency department uses an eight-variable risk assessment tool to determine which patients should be tested for undiagnosed HIV, leading to the identification of the same number of HIV-positive patients as through universal screening, thus suggesting greater cost-effectiveness.
Nurses and nurse aids in intensive care units bathe patients each day using washcloths impregnated with an antiseptic agent, leading to a significant reduction in hospital-acquired infections.
A primary care medical home for patients with disabilities and complex, chronic medical conditions emphasizes patient engagement and care coordination among medical specialties and social service providers, leading to enhanced access to care, better self-management skills, more days of good health, fewer hospitalizations, and lower costs.
Project BOOST (Better Outcomes by Optimizing Safe Transitions) provides hospitals a comprehensive set of interventions to improve the care transition process after discharge, leading to a significant reduction in readmissions.
Master's-level social workers operating out of a centralized department support primary care and specialty clinic patients in dealing with psychosocial and environmental issues, leading to high levels of patient/caregiver and practitioner satisfaction, improvements in patients' well-being and self-management skills, and reductions in resource use.
Through a statewide telemedicine program, psychiatrists evaluate patients with mental health issues who present at rural hospital emergency departments, leading to reductions in wait times, inpatient admissions, and costs; increased attendance at followup visits; and high levels of patient and clinician satisfaction.
A nonprofit organization in Baltimore provides programs and services to support at-risk women (particularly African Americans) throughout each stage of the childbearing cycle, leading to fewer deliveries of low- and very low–birthweight babies and associated cost savings.
User-friendly, secure Web-based and mobile applications facilitate online visits with board-certified dermatologists, enhancing access to care for those with minor and serious skin conditions, increasing physician productivity, and generating high levels of patient satisfaction.
Emergency department clinicians and staff identify veterans at moderate risk of suicide, work with them to develop a safety plan, and follow up after discharge to ensure adherence to the plan and connections to community-based support, leading to better access to outpatient mental health services.
The Oregon Health Authority (which oversees the State Medicaid program) initiated a series of policy changes to promote earlier detection, more effective referrals, and better coordination of care for pediatric patients with developmental delays, leading to a significant increase in screening rates and enhanced access to early intervention services.