Preventive care processes
Nurses and nurse aids in intensive care units bathe patients each day using washcloths impregnated with an antiseptic agent, leading to a significant reduction in hospital-acquired infections.
Community health workers known as promotores enhance access to culturally competent mental health education and services, leading to improvements in mental health status and literacy for elderly racial and ethnic minorities.
A local foundation developed community-based testing programs and partnerships with medical homes to provide real-time linkages to HIV care to newly diagnosed patients and to support these patients in transitioning to care, nearly doubling the number of patients initiating treatment.
A nonprofit organization in Baltimore provides programs and services to support at-risk women (particularly African Americans) throughout each stage of the childbearing cycle, leading to fewer deliveries of low- and very low–birthweight babies and associated cost savings.
As an expansion to an existing community-based oral health program for Hispanic and African-American seniors, dental school faculty, staff, and students offer education and screening for hypertension and diabetes, leading to the identification of many seniors with or at high risk for these chronic illnesses and many previously diagnosed individuals who do not have the condition(s) under control.
The Oregon Health Authority (which oversees the State Medicaid program) initiated a series of policy changes to promote earlier detection, more effective referrals, and better coordination of care for pediatric patients with developmental delays, leading to a significant increase in screening rates and enhanced access to early intervention services.
A city health department encourages public and private maternity hospitals to voluntarily adopt various policies to support new mothers who choose to breastfeed exclusively. The program has attracted many participating hospitals, won broad support within the medical community, and increased the proportion of new mothers who breastfeed exclusively during their hospital stay.
The State of Connecticut offers employees, retirees, and dependents significant financial incentives to access appropriate care and engage in their health, leading to high participation rates, more appropriate utilization of health care resources, better medication adherence, and slower growth in costs.
A federally qualified health center serving primarily low-income, minority patients offers telemedicine-based retinal screening as part of a comprehensive annual visit for patients with diabetes, leading to enhanced access to screening, lower costs, and higher patient satisfaction.
A five-question electronic survey given to emergency department patients identifies a high proportion with potential eating disorders, suggesting the potential for the emergency department to be an effective venue for early diagnosis and connections to community-based treatment and support.