Patient Care Process

Innovations

Emergency Department Uses Tool To Identify At-Risk Patients in Need of HIV Testing, Leading to Same Number of Newly Diagnosed Patients with Fewer Screening Tests 12/18/13

An emergency department uses an eight-variable risk assessment tool to determine which patients should be tested for undiagnosed HIV, leading to the identification of the same number of HIV-positive patients as through universal screening, thus suggesting greater cost-effectiveness.

Daily Bathing With Antiseptic Agent Significantly Reduces Risk of Hospital-Acquired Infections in Intensive Care Unit Patients 12/18/13

Nurses and nurse aids in intensive care units bathe patients each day using washcloths impregnated with an antiseptic agent, leading to a significant reduction in hospital-acquired infections.

Reference-Pricing Policy for Hip/Knee Replacements Generates Significant Savings by Encouraging Enrollees To Choose High-Value Facilities 12/18/13

The California Public Employees' Retirement System generated significant cost savings by adopting reference pricing for hip and knee replacement procedures, causing enrollees to migrate to high-value facilities and encouraging high-price hospitals to lower their fees.

Peer Specialists in Federally Qualified Health Centers Enhance Access to Behavioral and Physical Health Support Services for Clients With Co-Occurring Medical and Mental Health Issues 12/13/13

Certified peer specialists provide emotional support, education, links to community services, and other support to individuals with co-occurring medical and mental health diagnoses at two Michigan federally qualified health centers, generating high levels of satisfaction and anecdotal reports of improvements in physical and mental health.

Community Health Workers Known as Promotores Enhance Access to Culturally Tailored Services for Elderly, Low-Income Racial/Ethnic Minorities, Leading to Improvements in Mental Health 12/05/13

Community health workers known as promotores enhance access to culturally competent mental health education and services, leading to improvements in mental health status and literacy for elderly racial and ethnic minorities.

Foundation Develops Community-Based HIV Testing and Partnerships With Medical Homes, Leading to More Timely Linkages to Care for Newly Diagnosed Patients 11/25/13

A local foundation developed community-based testing programs and partnerships with medical homes to provide real-time linkages to HIV care to newly diagnosed patients and to support these patients in transitioning to care, nearly doubling the number of patients initiating treatment.
 

Emergency Department and Urgent Care Clinicians Use Protocol To Reduce Opioid Prescriptions for Patients Suspected of Abusing Controlled Substances 11/13/13

Emergency department and urgent care physicians and nurses use a protocol to help them decide how to treat patients complaining of pain who may be abusing controlled substances, leading to significantly fewer such patients receiving prescriptions for opioids.

Citywide Collaborative Implements Multiple Initiatives That Reduce Appointment Wait Times, Readmissions, and Emergency Department Use for Low-Income Minority Patients 11/10/13

A public–private urban health partnership develops multiple initiatives to expand access to high-quality, coordinated health care for vulnerable residents, leading to shorter wait times for appointments, improvements in patient–provider continuity, and reductions in readmissions and emergency department use.

State Uses Financial Incentives To Fund Nursing Home–Initiated Quality Improvement Projects Through Competitive Bidding Process, Leading to Better Care 11/07/13

The State of Minnesota uses financial rewards and penalties to fund nursing home–initiated quality improvement projects through a competitive bidding process, leading to improvements in the quality of care.

Medical Home for Patients With Disabilities and Chronic Conditions Improves Access and Self-Management Skills, Leading to More Healthy Days, Fewer Hospitalizations 11/04/13

A primary care medical home for patients with disabilities and complex, chronic medical conditions emphasizes patient engagement and care coordination among medical specialties and social service providers, leading to enhanced access to care, better self-management skills, more days of good health, fewer hospitalizations, and lower costs.

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