A community paramedic works onsite at a homeless shelter during afternoon and evening hours 4 days a week during periods when an onsite primary care clinic is not open, significantly reducing unnecessary 911 calls and connecting shelter residents to primary care.
An emergency medical services system uses a data-driven program to identify frequent 911 callers and facilitate access to community-based medical, social service, and other interventions to address their underlying needs, leading to significant reductions in emergency transports and associated costs.
A recuperative care program provides homeless clients with housing, food, medical care, case management, and connections to social services after hospital discharge, resulting in improvements in their medical and housing status, fewer emergency department visits, and meaningful cost savings for participating hospitals.
A plan-supported medical home model used by clinics serving Medicaid managed care beneficiaries enhances access to care, improves quality, and reduces inpatient admissions.
A State-based, public–private partnership adapted its successful primary care medical home model to serve pregnant Medicaid beneficiaries, leading to enhanced access to comprehensive prenatal care (including intensive case management for high-risk pregnancies), better adherence to evidence-based care standards, and reductions in low–birth weight babies and rate of primary Cesarean sections.
A supportive housing program for late-stage alcoholics who frequently use crisis services features policies that reduce traditional barriers and restrictions to obtaining housing, leading to reductions in alcohol abuse, alcohol-related symptoms, and costs.
Intensive, person-centered case management, peer support, and a discretionary fund for adults with serious mental illness leads to better access to treatment, job training, and employment; fewer suicide/self-harm attempts, hospitalizations, incarcerations, and days of homelessness; and lower mental illness-related costs.
Volunteer physicians, supported by paid nurse case managers, provide homeless women with needed medical care in homeless shelters and connect the women to other needed medical and social services. The program has enhanced access to services, improved outcomes, and generated significant cost savings.
An easily accessible center offers a safe, welcoming, nonjudgmental environment in which homeless youth, particularly those who identify themselves as being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, can access a wide array of medical and social services.
A joint case management program sponsored by two competing hospitals addresses the health and social needs of uninsured and underinsured individuals who have a history of using the emergency department for nonemergent issues. The program has led to enhanced access to appropriate care and to a significant decline in emergency department use and costs for nonemergent conditions.