Vulnerable populations

Innovations

Computer-Based Screening and Education on Partner Violence Does Not Improve Health or Reduce Recurrent Abuse Among Female Primary Care Patients 11/05/12

Private, computer-based screening and education in primary care clinics have no impact on key metrics for female victims of partner violence, including quality of life and likelihood of recurring abuse.

Verification Screen That Includes Prominent Patient Photograph Significantly Reduces Errors Caused by Orders Placed in Wrong Chart 10/30/12

A children's hospital requires providers to look at a patient's picture and basic demographic information on a verification screen when entering and signing an order, leading to significant reductions in patients receiving or almost receiving care intended for someone else because of an order being placed in the wrong chart.

State Automatically Enrolls Low-Income Children in Medicaid Based on Information From Food Program Application, Reducing Number of Uninsured and Administrative Costs 10/29/12

Using a data-matching program, the state of Louisiana allows qualified, low-income children to be automatically enrolled in Medicaid based on information submitted on applications to the state's Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, enhancing access to Medicaid coverage and health care services and significantly reducing administrative costs.

Automated Calls Followed by Mailed Kits Significantly Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Rate in Those Overdue for Testing 10/16/12

Health plan members due for colorectal cancer screening and at low risk for the disease receive an automated educational call and a test kit to compete at home and return by mail, leading to a fourfold increase in the likelihood of screening in this hard-to-reach population.
 

State Legislation Supports Professional Development of Community Health Workers, Leading to Greater Professional Recognition, Enhancements in Training, and Funding 10/15/12

An alliance of government and not-for-profit agencies aided the passage of various legislative provisions in Massachusetts designed to create a more stable, systemic role for community health workers, leading to greater professional recognition, an expanded workforce and training infrastructure, and increased funding of services.

Text Messages to Parents Increase Influenza Immunization Rate for Low-Income, Minority Children 10/04/12

A series of automated text messages to predominantly low-income, Latino parents about influenza and the importance of influenza vaccines leads to a small but meaningful increase in the percentage of children vaccinated.

Engaging Room Design and Distraction Techniques Comfort Pediatric Radiology Patients, Leading to Less Need for Sedation, Shorter Wait Times, Higher Satisfaction 09/28/12

A pediatric radiology department uses theme-based room designs, multisensory distractions, and age-appropriate interactions and techniques to engage and distract young patients, leading to significantly less use of sedation, shorter scheduling lead times, increased throughput, and higher parent and staff satisfaction.

Physician Practices Use Software-Facilitated System to Complete Medicare Annual Wellness Visit, Improving Preventive Care and Generating High Satisfaction 09/21/12

Primary care practices use a software-facilitated process to proactively schedule and efficiently complete required components of Medicare's Annual Wellness Visit and to identify and address care gaps, leading to improvements in the provision of preventive services and high physician and patient satisfaction.

Computerized Alerts Do Not Influence Physician Ordering Habits or Improve Clinical Outcomes for Elderly, Hospitalized Patients With Cognitive Impairment 09/14/12

Computerized alerts did not influence physician ordering habits or improve clinical outcomes for elderly, hospitalized patients with cognitive impairment.

Hospital–Community Organization Partnership Uses Culturally Competent Community Health Workers To Support Latino Families With Asthmatic Children, Reducing Hospitalizations and Emergency Department Visits 09/10/12

In a partnership between a hospital and four community-based organizations, bilingual community health workers help low-income, predominantly Latino families with asthmatic children better manage the disease, leading to fewer asthma-related symptoms, hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and missed school days.

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