Black or African American
Community-based primary care physicians receive support from specialist physicians and a multidisciplinary team, leading to enhanced access to high-quality care for HIV-positive patients.
Culturally appropriate videos provide first-person narratives of patients living with hypertension, leading to significant improvements in blood pressure among low-income, inner-city African Americans with previously uncontrolled hypertension.
An inner-city clinic hosts a weekly group program with parents and children that includes an individual medical visit, group education, and time for exercise, leading to improved health-related behaviors, stable body mass index in children, and weight loss in adults who participate frequently.
Using electronic templates, nurses and physicians provide a personalized report to patients at virtually every visit, with the goal of improving health-related behaviors; the program has contributed to a leveling off in the prevalence of overweight/obesity, above-average quit rates among smokers, better blood glucose control, and fewer racial disparities in chronic care.
Case management combined with in-home environmental assessment and remediation of environmental triggers reduce asthma-related hospitalizations, emergency department visits, missed school days, and missed parent work days in diverse, low-income urban children with asthma.
Experienced substance abuse counselors offer periodic, telephone-based assessment and counseling to individuals who have attained initial stability in alcohol and/or cocaine dependence, leading to comparable and in some cases better outcomes than traditional, more time-consuming face-to-face interventions.
Medicaid managed care enrollees with type 2 diabetes receive free access to YMCA facilities and have regular meetings with nurses, dietitians, and personal trainers that focus on diet, exercise, and other aspects of disease self-management, leading to weight loss and improvements in body mass index, cholesterol, and blood glucose control.
A statewide text messaging service provides minority youth and young adults in Illinois with accurate information on HIV/AIDS and connects them to free HIV testing and related services.
A Sickle Cell Day Hospital provides an alternative to inpatient care for patients with sickle cell anemia, with the goal of managing their pain and keeping them out of the hospital, resulting in lower inpatient lengths of stay and emergency department utilization.
A faith-based exercise program run through churches increased levels of physical activity and reduced blood pressure and pain levels in older African-American women.