Black or African American
A nonprofit organization in Baltimore provides programs and services to support at-risk women (particularly African Americans) throughout each stage of the childbearing cycle, leading to fewer deliveries of low- and very low–birthweight babies and associated cost savings.
A large health plan offered a 6-month program featuring culturally tailored educational classes and materials and the integration of culturally sensitive approaches into everyday care, leading to increased cultural sensitivity among staff, more engaged patients, and better health outcomes, and contributing (along with other programs) to the elimination of racial disparities.
As an expansion to an existing community-based oral health program for Hispanic and African-American seniors, dental school faculty, staff, and students offer education and screening for hypertension and diabetes, leading to the identification of many seniors with or at high risk for these chronic illnesses and many previously diagnosed individuals who do not have the condition(s) under control.
Care coordinators in a large integrated system engage in culturally tailored discussions with low-income seniors about completing advance directives, leading to higher completion rates and a narrowing of the gap in completion rates between African Americans/black immigrants and whites.
The combination of a small financial incentive and patient education leads to a modest, short-lived increase in physician visits, but has no effect on blood pressure control or on racial and ethnic disparities in management and control of hypertension.
A Medicaid health plan uses a range of direct and indirect information sources to collect accurate data on race, ethnicity, and preferred language for a high proportion of members.
Physicians and social workers provide free, convenient, culturally appropriate medical care, counseling, and support group services to African-American men in African-American Chicago neighborhoods, enhancing access to these services for roughly 3,000 to 3,500 men each year.
Connecticut's 78 school-based health centers offer a broad array of confidential mental health services to elementary, middle, and high school students co-located with traditional primary and acute medical services. The school-based centers have enhanced access to mental health services and generated high levels of satisfaction for students (particularly African-American and Hispanic males), and have led to less missed class time.
A multistakeholder collaborative, the Rochester Blood Pressure Initiative supports the development and implementation of a variety of provider-, employer-, and community-based programs that have collectively improved blood pressure control among hypertensive individuals in metropolitan Rochester, NY.
School-based health centers provide comprehensive reproductive and sexual health services to inner-city public school students, leading to enhanced access to contraception, prenatal care, and screening and treatment for sexually transmitted diseases.